Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of
each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
1. A） She can do the job.?
B) She could call a friend?
C) She’s just switched off the light. ?
D) She’s already replaced the shelf.?
2. A） They want to go downtown. ?
B) He wants to go to the park, but she doesn’t.?
C) He doesn’t know where to park the car. ?
D) He wants to find out where the park is.?
3. A）Company and customer. ?
B) Repairman and customer.?
C) Teacher and student’s parent.?
D) Wife and husband.?
4. A） She didn’t like working in a company. ?
B) She disliked machines.?
C) She was not good at doing business. ?
D) She didn’t like accounting.?
5. A） He has some money to buy a new car. ?
B) He fails in borrowing enough money from the woman.?
C) He will spend much money on his house.?
D) He wants to buy a new house and a new car.?
6. A） He had much trouble with his pronunciation.?
B) He began studying English too early.?
C) No one can understand him. ?
D) He knew nothing about English.?
7. A） Frustration. B) Joy.?
C) Excitement. D) Sorrow.?
8. A） He likes to go out of town. ?
B) He can’t attend.?
C) He never attends novel reading.?
D) He isn’t going out of town next week.?
9. A） He doesn’t like that kind of food. ?
B) The woman can do some cooking herself.?
C) He doesn’t intend to buy them. ?
D) The woman should stop looking at him.?
10. A） Mrs. Fisher wants to go abroad. ?
B) Mrs. Fisher is in hospital.?
C) Mrs. Fisher has no family. ?
D) There are three people in Mrs. Fisher’s family.??
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each
passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A） Given by the local government.?
B) Born by a large number of bitches.?
C) Bought from different cities and villages. ?
D) Captured over grassland.?
12. A） 11-week course for control duty. ?
B) 11-week course for patrol duty.?
C) 9-week course for control duty. ?
D) 9-week course for patrol duty.?
13. A） Catching runaway criminals. ?
B) Scratching the hidden bombs.?
C) Patrolling the dangerous town. ?
D) Drug-sniffing and bomb-sniffing.?
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A） Gold was discovered. ?
B) The Transcontinental Railroad was completed.?
C) The Golden Gate Bridge was constructed. ?
D) Telegraph communications were established with the East. ?
15. A） Two million. ?
B) Three million. ?
C) Five million.?
D) Six million.?
16. A） Nineteen million dollars. ?
B) Thirty-two million dollars.?
C) Thirty-seven million dollars.?
D) Forty-two million dollars.?
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A） Computers have become part of our daily lives. ?
B) Computers have disadvantages as well as disadvantages. ?
C) People have different attitudes to computers.?
D) More and more families will own computers.?
18. A） Computers can bring financial problems. ?
B) Computers can bring unemployment.?
C) Computers can be very useful in families. ?
D) Computerized robots can take over some unpleasant jobs.?
19. A） Computers may change the life they have been accustomed to.?
B) Spending too much time on computers may spoil people’s relationship.?
C) Buying computers may cost a lot of money.?
D) Computers may take over from human beings altogether.?
20. A） Affectionate. B) Disapproving. ?
C) Approving. D) Neutral.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Misjudging someone’s use of silence can take place in many contexts and on many
levels. Take pausing for example. One’s conversational style may be marked by frequent pausing, thus giving room (or time) for the discourse partner to jump into the conversation by taking his or her next turn. Some speakers, however, may think that the pauses others leave for them are not long enough to claim the floor(發言權) without being rude, while it may be the feeling of the other party that longer pauses would create awkward silences. Such differences in the perception and valuation of pauses may lead to conflict. The person who does not tolerate long pauses may wonder why the other does not want to talk, whereas the person who needs longer pauses to take a turn may think of his or her partner as intolerably talkative.?
21. What is the passage mainly about??
A） Different conversational style. ?
B) Silence. ?
C) Pauses. ?
D) Misjudging someone’s use of silence.?
22. “Jump into the conversation” in the fifth line means ____.
?A） participate in the conversation?
B) become involved in the conversation?
C) disturb the conversation?
D) interrupt the speaker by taking one’s turn unexpectedly?
23. What can we conclude from the passage??
A） A talkative person may not want the other to stop.?
B) Some speakers may think the pauses others leave for them are too short.?
C) A pause may be interpreted in different ways.?
D) We should tolerate long pauses.?
24. Conflicts may be aroused except____.?
A） when the person needs longer pauses while the other needs short pauses?
B) when the person’s conversational style is marked by frequent pausing?
C) when the person thinks pauses are too short while the other thinks they may create awkward silences?
D) when the person wonders why the other stops while the other thinks why his or her partner is so talkative?
25. What is the author’s attitude towards pauses in conversations??
B) Neutral. ?
C) Critical. ?
Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.?
For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers.
All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to
positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example,
by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of
students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activity.
A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.?
26. Normally a student would at least attend ____ classes each week.?
A） 36 B) 12
C) 20 D) 15?
27. According to the first paragraph,an American student is allowed ____.?
A） to live in a different university ?
B) to take a particular course in a different university?
C) to live at home and drive to classes ?
D) to get two degrees from two different universities ?
28. American university students are usually under pressure of work because ____.?A） their academic performance will affect their future careers?
B) they are heavily involved in student affairs?
C) they have to run for positions of authority?
D) they have to attend a lot of classes?
29. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations
probably because ____.?
A） they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study?
B) they will then be able to stay longer in the university?
C) such positions help them get better jobs?
D) such positions are usually well paid?
30. The student organizations seem to be effective in ____.?
A） dealing with the academic affairs of the university?
B) ensuring that the students observe university regulations?
C) evaluating students’ performance by bringing them before a court?
D) keeping up the students’ enthusiasm for social activities?
The Industrial Revolution in Britain first began in the textile industry. England had been a major producer of wool for centuries. Ever since the enclosures,
wool and then woolen cloth had been the principal exports of England. And cloth
-making, though a domestic industry in the early years, had the characteristic of captalist production which separated the employer from the employee and introduced the division of labour, such as carding, spinning, weaving, fulling and dyeing. With the expansion of market, the demand for cloth also increased. But a spinner with a distaff could only make one thread at a time. The short supply of yarn became the main obstacle to mass production of cloth. The general effort to improve thread-making techniques led to the invention of spinning Jenny in 1764, by the English spinner Hargreaves. The new instrument enabled a singly workman to spin eight or ten threads at once. A year later, Richard Arkwright, a barber, patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers. Then in 1779, Samual Crompton drew on these two new devices and invented a new kind of spinning machine known as the mule. It greatly accelerated the speed of production and improved the quality of thread. Then Arkwright established a great factory by applying power-driven mules and became known as Father of Factory System in England.
By the end of the 18th Century, power-driven machines spinning two hundred threads simultaneously had been introduced in production.?
31. What was the most important export of England before the revolution?
? A） Wool cloth. ?
B) Wool and woolen cloth.?
C) Spinning machines.?
D) Power-driven machines.?
32. Capitalist production was characterized by ____.?
A） the separation of the employer from the employee?
B) the division of labour ?
C) both A and B?
D) the expansion of market?
33. Which of the following is NOT TRUE??
A） Hargreaves invented the spinning Jenny.?
B) Arkwright patented a device for drawing out thread by means of rollers and thus was called Father of Factory System in England.?
C) Samual Crompton invented the spinning machine mule.?
D) By the end of the 18th century, power-driven spinning machines could produce two hundred threads simultaneously.?
34. “simultaneously” in the last sentence means ____.?
A） at the same time B) together ?
C) at a time D) altogether?
35. This passage can best be titled ____.?
A） Process of the Industrial Revolution?
B) Beginning of the Industrial Revolution?
C) What led to the Industrial Revolution ?
D) Effects of the Industrial Revolution?
James Joyce was an Irish novelist who revolutionized the methods of depicting characters and developing a plot in modern fiction. His astonishing way of constructing a novel, his frank portrayal of human nature in his books, and his complete command of English have made him one of the outstanding influences on literature in the 20th Century. Many critics judge that he is second only to Shakespeare in his mastery of the English language. Joyce was deeply influenced by Ireland and wrote all his books about Dublin.?
When he was in Dublin College, he studied languages and spent his spare time
reading books. He refused to take part in the nationalist movement like his fellow students, but he became passionately interested in literature. He wrote outspoken articles of literary criticism that shocked his teachers and even taught himself Norwegian so that he could read Ibsen’s works in the original.?
When he graduated in 1902, he knew he would become a writer and an exile, because he felt he could not be one without the other. In order to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully, fully, and as objectively as he knew how, about the people and places he knew best, he had to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life. He went to France, Italy and Switzerland, where he lived in poverty and obscurity for the first 20 years, only returning to Ireland when his mother was dying. Except for a couple of brief trips, he stayed abroad all his life.?
36. James Joyce was first of all a ____.?
A） revolutionary B) critic ?
C) novelist D) exile?
37. James Joyce was famous for many reasons EXCEPT ____.?
A） his way of constructing a novel ?
B) his frank portrayal of human nature ?
C) his complete command of English ?
D) his passion in literature?
38. “He is second only to Shakespeare” is a comment on his ____.?
A） achievement in literature ?
B) achievement in the nationalist movement?
C) achievement in his study of languages ?
D) mastery of the English language?
39. How many examples are used to show his passion in literature??
A） 2. B) 3. ?
C) 1. D) 4.?
40. Why did James Joyce stay abroad almost all his life??
A） Because he wanted to live in poverty and obscurity.?
B) Because he wanted to write the people and places he knew best.?
C) Because he wanted to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life.?
D) Because he wanted to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully, fully and objectively about the people and the places he knew best.
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
41. The only thing ____ really matters to the children is how soon they can return to their aunt and uncle’s farm.?
A） that B) what ?
C) which D) this?
42. Although she claims to have left her job voluntarily, she was actually ____ for misconduct.?
A） dispelled B) exiled ?
C) resigned D) dismissed?
43. They remained full of hope and determination ____ their repeated
A） instead of B) in search of ?
C) because of D) in spite of ?
44. My next door neighbor saw the ____ break into my house and reported
to the police immediately.?
A） thief B) robber ?
C) burglar D) mugger?
45. Though she is getting on in years, she still has a ____ fear of the
A） childlike B) childish ?
C) naive D) juvenile?
46. A flying stone ____ him on the head and knocked him out.?
A） beat B) hit ?
C) strike D) flog?
47. If ____, we’ll stay at home. ?
A） it’ll rain B) it’s to rain ?
C) it rains D) it’ll be raining?
48. If he had visited me in Beijing, I ____ him to see the sights.?
A） had taken B) will take ?
C) would take D) would have taken?
49. You’ll soon get used to ____ a large breakfast in England.?
A） eat B) it that you eat ?
C) eating D) you eat?
50. You’ve made a mistake——you’ve ____ the word.?
A） left out B) left behind?
C) left off D) left for?
51. I need ____ more volunteers to help move the piano.?
A） none B) any ?
C) few D) some?
52. The children are as ____ as larks.?
A） happy B) joyous ?
C) gay D) merry?
53. She thought it was ____ not to know some of the basic facts of her
A） shameful B) ashamed ?
C) a shame D) ashameful?
54. Ted agreed to ____ the strike if the company would satisfy the demand of the workers.?
A） call out B) call to ?
C) call off D) call on?
55. I went to my adviser to ask him what courses ____.?
A） should I take?
B) must I take ?
C) to take?
D) I were to take?
56. ____, the book has many mistakes.?
A） Having not been written carefully ?
B) Not writing carefully?
C) Having written not carefully ?
D) Not having been written carefully?
57. Your hair wants ____. You’d better have it done tomorrow.?
A） cut B) to cut ?
C) cutting D) being cut?
58. In developing countries, people are ____ into overcrowded cities in great numbers.?
A） breaking B) filling ?
C) pouring D) hurrying?
59. Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t ____ so much noise.?
A） resist B) sustain ?
C) tolerate D) undergo?
60. As a result of careless washing, the jacket ____ to a child’s size.?
A） compressed B) shrank ?
C) dropped D) decreased?
61. Many difficulties ____ as a result of the change over to a new type
A） risen B) arisen?
C) arose D) raised?
62. Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he
still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only ____ to
A） extended B) amounted ?
C) added D) turned?
63. Everybody looked ____ the direction of the explosion. ?
A） to B) from ?
C) in D) into?
64. Who is ____ personnel at present??
A） in the charge of ?
B) under charge of ?
C) under the charge of ?
D) in charge of?
65. A lot of people have tried, but ____ have succeeded.?
A） the few B) few ?
C) some few D) a few ?
66. Will all those____ the proposal raise their hands??
A） in relation to B) in excess of ?
C) in contrast to D) in favor of ?
67. Trade unions often ____ with employers for better conditions of pay
A） ask B) require ?
C) bargain D) plead?
68. The lawyer advised him to drop the ____, since he stands little chance to win.?
A） case B) event ?
C) affair D) incident?
69. My brother’s plans are very ____; he wants to master English, French and Spanish before he is sixteen.?
A） abundant B) ambitious ?
C) arbitrary D) aggressive?
70. The relationship between employers and employees has been studied ____.?
A） originally B) extremely ?
C) violently D) intensively?
Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D beneath the passage. You should choose the ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
One of the most important features that distinguishes reading from listening is
the nature of the audience. ?___71___? the writer often does not know who will read what he writes, he must ?___72___? to be as clear as possible. Time can be taken to plan the piece of writing so that it is eventually organized into some sort of ?___73___? sequence of events or ideas. When we speak, however, we normally have very ?___74___? time to plan what we intend to say. ?___75
___?, we may begin speaking before we ?___76___? what to say. Our thoughts then tumble out in ?___77___? a logical sequence. Since we are actually ?___78___? our audience face to face we may omit some of the information we believe our audience shares.?___79___? the more familiar we are with out audience, the more information we are likely to leave out. In any ?___80___? they can always stop and ask a question or ask for clarification if we have left out too much. A reader, however, cannot do ?___81___? but can at least attempt comprehension at his own speed;?___82___?, he can stop and go backwards or forwards,?___83___? to a dictionary or just stop and rest. When we listen we may have to work hard to sort out the speaker’s ?___84___? by referring backwards and forwards while the s
peaker continues. As the speaker struggles to organize his thoughts, he will use
filler phrases to give him time to plan.?___85___? these fillers, he will still make mistakes and repeat what he has already said. His speech will be characterized ?___86___? a limited range of grammatical patterns and vocabulary and the use of idioms to ?___87___? some general meaning quickly. It should be clear, then, that the listener has to take an active ?___88___? in the process by ignoring the speaker’s repetitions and mistakes, and by seeking out the main idea information through recall and prediction. To keep the process going ?___89___
? he also has to inform the speaker that he has understood ?___90___? actually interrupting.?
71. A） However B) Since ?
C) Although D) Unless1?
72. A） attempt B) intend ?
C) pretend D) expect?
73. A） lawful B) historical ?
C) natural D)logical?
74. A） few B) much ?
C) little D)enough ?
75. A） Then B) Indeed ?
C) Alternatively D) Soon?
76. A） have decided B) will decide ?
C) decided D) will have decided?
77. A） nothing but B) nothing like ?
C) anything but D) anything like?
78. A） appealing B) advertising ?
C) convincing D) addressing?
79. A） And B) But ?
C) Thus D)Nevertheless ?
80. A） case B) state ?
C) condition D)affair ?
81. A） such B) much ?
C) this D)itself ?
82. A） in general
B) in conclusion ?
C) on the contrary
D) that is to say?
83. A） yield B) prefer ?
C) adapt D) refer ?
84. A） thoughts B) consideration ?
C) concepts D) speculation?
85. A） In stead of B) In spite of ?
C) Because of D) In view of?
86. A） at B) on ?
C) by D) with ?
87. A） transmit B) convey ?
C) negotiate D) conduct ?
88. A） role B) duty ?
C) part D) function?
89. A） regularly B) fluently ?
C) peacefully D) smoothly?
90. A） without B) except ?
C) despite D) regarding[FL)]?
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Failure Is the Mother of Success”. You should write no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.?
1. M: Are you going to replace the light switch by yourself??
W: Why should I call an electrician??
Q: What does the woman imply??
2. W: The map shows that this street goes downtown.?
M: Yes, but what we want to know is how to get to the park.?
Q: What does the man mean??
3. W: Listen, the heating is broken in my room. When are you going to come and fix it??
M: I’m sorry to hear that, madam. I’ll get someone right away.?
Q: What is the probable relationship between the man and the woman??
4. M: Well, I thought you were working for a large business machine company.?
W: I did for a few months, but I decided that accounting wasn’t what I liked best.?
Q: Why did she want to change her job??
5. M: I wish to buy a new car, but I spent too much on my house last year.?
W: New cars are expensive. You can’t borrow so much money.?
Q: What happens to the man??
6. M: Well, if I had begun studying English earlier, I wouldn’t be having so much trouble with my pronunciation.?
W: Oh, I can understand why you feel that way.?
Q: What problem does the man have??
7. M: Have you filled out your tax forms yet??
W: Don’t remind me of them! They’re so confusing that I’m discouraged before I start!?
Q: What emotion is the woman feeling??
8. W: Will you come to my novel reading next week??
M: I’ll be out of town then.?
Q: What does the man mean??
9. W: Shouldn’t someone go to the supermarket to select some bread and cereals with the words “iron-added” on the label??
M: Don’t look at me.?
Q: What does the man mean??
10.W: I wonder if Mrs. Fisher has any family. Her room is always quiet.?
M: Actually she is a mother of three. Her children all live abroad. That’s why the nurses take care of her.?
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation??
The dog has often been an unselfish friend to man. It is always grateful to its master. It helps man in many ways. Certain breeds of dogs are used in criminal investigations. They are trained to sniff out drugs and bombs. They help police to catch criminals. Some dogs are trained to lead blind people.?
The dogs that help in criminal investigations are trained at a school called
the Military Dog Studies branch of the US Air Force in Lackland, Texas. The dogs
to be trained are selected by an air force team. This team visits large cities
across the country to buy the dogs. They may buy dogs from private citizens for
up to $750 each. Some citizens freely give their dogs. The dogs selected must be
healthy, brave and aggressive. They must be able to fight back if they are attacked. The dogs chosen are between the ages of one and three. They are given a medical examination when they arrive at the school. Their physical examination includes X-rays and heart tests. The trainee dogs undergo the first stage of training when they arrive in Lackland. This is an 11-week course for patrol duty. After this course, the best dogs are selected to go on another 9-week course. They learn drug-sniffing or bomb-sniffing. After this course, the dogs are ready for their jobs in the cities or on air force bases.?
The training given to a drug-sniffing dog is different from that given to a bomb-sniffing dog. A drug-sniffing dog is trained to scratch and dig for the drugs when he sniffs them. A bomb-sniffing dog sits down when he finds a bomb. That
is the alert for hidden explosives.?
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. How are the dogs obtained for training??
12. What is the first stage of training for the dogs??
13. What do dogs learn during the 9-week training??
From this lookout we enjoy one of the most spectacular views of San Francisco
. As you can see, the city rests on a series of hills varying in altitude from sea level to nine hundred and thirty-eight feet.?
The first permanent settlement was made at this site in 1776. For thirteen years the village had fewer than one hundred inhabitants. But in 1848, with the discovery of gold, the population grew to ten thousand. The same year the name was changed from Yerba Buea to San Francisco.?
By 1862 telegraph communications linked San Francisco with eastern cities, and by 1869, the first transcontinental railroad connected the Pacific coast with
the Atlantic seaboard. Today San Francisco has a population of almost three million. It is the financial center of the west, and serves as the terminus for trans-Pacific steamship lines and air traffic. The port of San Francisco which is almost eighteen miles long with fort-two piers, handles between five and six million tons of cargo annually.?
And now, if you will look to your right, you should just be able to see the east section of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge, which is more than one mile long, spans the harbor from San Francisco to Marin County and the Red Wood Highway. It was completed in 1937 at a cost of thirty-two million dollars and is still
one of the largest suspension bridges in the world. ?
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. According to the tour guide, what happened in 1848??
15. What is the population of San Francisco today??
16. How much did it cost to complete the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge??
For good or bad, computers are now part of our daily lives. With the price of
a small home computer now being lower, experts predict that before long all schools and businesses and most families in the rich parts of the world will own a
computer of some kind. Among the general public, computers arouse strong feelings——people either love them or hate them.?
The computer lovers talk about how useful computers can be in business, in education and in the home——apart from all the games, you can do your accounts on
them, use them to control your central heating, and in some places even do your
shopping with them. Computers, they say, will also bring some leisure, as more
and more unpleasant jobs are taken over by computerized robots.?
The haters, on the other hand, argue that computers bring not leisure but unemployment. They worry, too, that people who spend all their time talking to computers will forget how to talk to each other. And anyway, they ask, what’s wrong
with going shopping and learning languages in classroom with real teachers? But
their biggest fear is that computers may eventually take over from human beings
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. What does this passage mainly talk about??
18. According to the passage, what is not mentioned about computers? ?
19. What is the biggest fear of the computer haters??
20. What’s the speaker’s attitude to computers??
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension?
【詳細解答】男士問女士是否自己換電燈開關， 女士回答說，何必請電工。此處關鍵是理解why的用法，它既可表示建議，也可表示置疑， 并非總是表示詢問。?
【詳細解答】女士房間的暖氣壞了，想知道什么時候才會有人來修，男士說馬上派人來。此處關鍵是get someone right away，因此此人代表公司。?
【詳細解答】男士想一輛新車，但去年買房花錢太多，女士回答新車很貴，你不可能借那么多錢。此處關鍵是you can’t borrow so much money, 省略了from me。?
【詳細解答】女士懷疑Mrs. Fisher是否有家人, 因為她家總是靜悄悄的, 男士說她實際上是三個孩子的媽媽, 但孩子們都住在國外, 因此由護士照顧她。 ?
內容概要：狗是人類無私的朋友, 它們以各種方式幫助人類. 有些狗被用于犯罪調查。一個空軍小分隊專門負責買狗，這些狗要接受11個星期的巡邏訓練，表現好的狗將再接受9個星期的訓練，此間它們要學習嗅毒品或炸彈。?
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension?
【譯文】第五行jump into the conversation的意思是突然打斷別人，進入對話。?
【詳細解答】文中有一句話“The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities.”，此處關鍵是對 maintaining discipline的理解，意為維護紀律，因此B為正確答案。?
【詳細解答】該詞可理解為“同一時間”或“一次”，根據上下文，動力驅使的紡織機可一次紡出兩百根紗，上文還提到at a time，at once，因此答案為C。?
【詳細解答】文章第一句就點明The Industrial Revolution in Britain first began in
the textile industry。下文就講了紡織業的變化，未涉及其他領域，而實際上工業革命涉
【詳細解答】“in his mastery of the English language”表明范圍、方面，即在英語語言的掌握方面僅次于莎士比亞，本文沒有具體提到他對文學的貢獻或他學習的成績，他沒有參加民族運動，不可能在這方面有什么貢獻，因此D為正確答案。?
【詳細解答】原文用in order to 來表明因果關系，因此to preserve his ideal of writing truthfully，fully，……為原因，結果就是he had to escape from all temptations to become involved in popular opinion or public life，即移居國外。?
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure?
【詳細解答】instead of 指兩個動作、行為、事件等只出現其中一個；in search of 指搜尋，探索等；because of表因果關系；in spite of表讓步關系。?
【詳細解答】thief 泛指竊賊，小偷；robber指搶劫者，用武力搶奪別人的東西； burglar
【詳細解答】childlike指像孩子一樣天真的， 誠實的，中性詞； childish指孩子所特有的，幼稚的，傻氣的，帶貶義； naive指天真的，幼稚的；樸素的，樸實的，褒義詞； juvenile指青少年特有的，適合青少年的，中性詞。?
【詳細解答】此題中，從句時態為過去完成時，主句時態應為過去將來完成時，即would have taken，其他選項均不符合虛擬語氣中的時態的要求。?
【詳細解答】get used to指適應，后接名詞或動名詞； used to指過去常常，后接動詞原形； be used to 的邏輯主語若為人，則與get used to同義，用法相同；其主語若為物，
【詳細解答】leave out指漏掉，遺漏，省去；leave behind指甩掉，超過；遺忘，忘帶；leave off指停止；leave for指離開某地到另一地。?
【詳細解答】此處根據題意四個選項均對，但as happy as a lark是固定搭配，是成語。?
【詳細解答】call out指工會等命令工人罷工，喚起，引起；call to無此用法；call off
指放棄，取消； call on指呼吁，號召，請求。?
【詳細解答】英語中有一些動詞可跟主動形式的賓語表示被動含義，如： want， need，此時的主語一般為物；這些動詞后面也可跟不定式的被動形式。?
【詳細解答】break into指破門而入；fill into指填充，填滿；pour into指傾注，源源輸送；hurry into指匆忙進入，此處只有C符合題意，意指人們仍在不斷的進入城市。
【詳細解答】此處四個詞均可與介詞to搭配， 但搭配后的意義完全不同，extend to指延伸至；amount to指合計，總共達；相當于，等于；add to指增添，做加法；turn to指轉向某人尋求幫助，只有add to符合題意。?
【詳細解答】look to指照管，留心， 注意，期待，主語通常為人，后面通常跟人或物，跟方向時，主語為物；look from后跟地點或物品，表示從某個方位看；look in加方向表示朝某個方向看，look into指調查事件真相，或朝某物里面看。?
【詳細解答】in the charge of指在某人的掌管、控制下，后跟人，此人為主控；under charge of同under the charge of指在某人的掌管（看管）下，后跟人，此人為主控；in charge of主管，掌管，看管，后跟物。此處personnel（人事部）為一個部門，因此答案為in charge of。?
【詳細解答】the few指上文已提到的少數，意義肯定，few指幾乎沒有，意義否定；some，few不能同時使用，a few指有一些，意義肯定。此句后半部分語意轉折，應為否定，故答案應為few。?
【詳細解答】in relation to指關于，涉及，有關；in excess of指超過；in contrast to指與……形成對照；in favor of指贊同……，支持……，有利于……。?
【詳細解答】此題四個選項中有三個可與題中介詞for搭配，但意思不同，ask for指請求，向……要；通過詢問來尋找；require需要，要求，命令，為及物動詞，不能跟介詞for；bargain for討價還價，談判；想廉價把……弄到手，指望，預期；plead for表示辯護，抗辯，申明，后跟人。?
Part IV Cloze?
【詳細解答】nothing but意思是“僅僅是”；anything but 意思是“決不是”。?
【詳細解答】in any case是固定短語，意思是“無論如何，總之” 。?
【詳細解答】this此處指上文提到的“ask a question or ask for clarification”。?
【詳細解答】that is to say意思是：“也就是說”。它所引出的分句是對分號前一分句的解釋。?
【詳細解答】“be characterized by”可視為固定說法，意思是“具有……的特征”。?
【詳細解答】take a(n) (active) part in是固定短語，意思是“（積極）參與”。?
Part V Writing ?
Failure Is the Mother of Success?
In one way of thinking, failure is what often happens. For some objective or
subjective reasons, we often have to face failure in a complex society. No one can avoid failure in one or another aspect of daily life. In another way, failure
may be a way towards success. It makes us think a lot. We learn the lessons and
accumulate the experience, and then we try to get access to the possible soluti
on. Failure can become treasures. Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, made hundreds of models that failed before he found the right way to make one.?
In my opinion, failure isn’t always a bad thing. We will have a more realistic view about ourselves and the world around us. As people often say, failure is
the mother of success. A temporary loser does not necessarily mean a permanent loser. Grasping opportunity, everyone can succeed with his or her efforts.?
1.dismiss 解雇，開除 ?
2.burglar 入室搶劫者 ?
3.childish 指孩子所特有的，幼稚的，傻氣的，帶貶義 ?
5.case 事實，實情；狀況；事例，實例；病例；患者；訴訟；案件 ?
7.shame 羞辱，羞愧，恥辱 ?
3.in charge of主管，掌管，看管?
4.as happy as a lark高興