Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said.
Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1.A) The man doesn’t want to see Mr. Williams.?
B) Mr. Jones is in an inferior position than Mr. Williams.?
C) Mr. Jones used to be in charge.?
D) Mr. Willams doesn’t want to do tomorrow.?
2.A) They need to make more efforts.?
B) They’ll have more work to do tomorrow.?
C) The others have done the greater part of it.?
D) They’ve finished more than half of it.?
3.A) She was feeling very sorry.?
B) She felt a bit annoyed.?
C) She was in a hurry.?
D) She was in her office.?
4.A) Jane was telling a lie.?
B) The woman wasn’t being sincere.?
C) Jane has already come back from Paris.?
D) Jane wasn’t in Paris that day.?
5.A) The knife belongs to him.?
B) Bob should mind his own business.?
C) The man once borrowed Bob’s knife.?
D) Bob’s knife isn’t as good as that of the man.?
6.A) He’ll miss the meeting that afternoon.?
B) He’ll have an appointment with the host.?
C) He won’t miss the meeting.?
D) He is very hardworking.?
7.A) Because she won’t fulfill her promise.?
B) Because her mother would be very angry.?
C) Because she can’t finish the job ahead of schedule.?
D) Because she would be the last to finish the job.?
8.A) He always talks on the phone for that long if it’s toll free.?
B) They have so much free time to talk on the phone for that long.?
C) They talked on the phone for too long.?
D) He wants to know what they talked about.?
9.A) At a restaurant.?
B) At the cinema.?
C) In the office.?
D) At a department store.?
10.A) She wrote the thesis for the man.?
B) She warned the man about writing on such a topic.?
C) She likes to take risk.?
D) She was secretary to Professor Smith.??
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.?
11.A) Americans are too attached to their cars.?
B) American cars are too fast.?
C) Automobiles endanger health.?
D) Automobiles are the main pubic transportation tools of USA.?
12.A) Because they pollute air.?
B) Because they are natural hazards.?
C) Because they are increasing in numbers.?
D) Because people don’t walk so often.?
13.A) Control of natural hazards.?
B) Control of heavy traffic.?
C) Control of heart disease.?
D) Control of man?made hazards.?
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.?
14.A) It smashed into a row of houses.?
B) It was run over by a truck.?
C) It was too nervous to leave the strip in the middle of the road.?
D) It hit a truck.?
15.A) A passenger.?
B) The dog.?
C) The truck?driver.?
D) A policeman.?
16.A) In the street.?
B) In a family swimming pool.?
C) In a public swimming pool.?
D) In a kindergarten.?
17.A) A big steak.?
B) A piece of bread.?
C) A bottle of milk.?
D) An extra bone.?
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.?
18.A) Seasonal variations in nature.?
B) How intelligence changes with the change of seasons.?
C) How we can improve our intelligence.?
D) Why summer is the best season for vacation.?
20.A) All people are less intelligent in summer than in the other seasons of the year.?
B) Heat has no effect on people’s mental abilities.?
C) People living near the equator are the most intelligent.?
D) Both climate and temperature exert impact on people’s intelligence.??
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.?
Antarctica has actually become a kind of space station—a unique observation post for detecting important changes in the world’s environment.S1 Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts of the world.?
Growing numbers of scientists therefore see Antarctica as a distant?early warning sensor, where potentially dangerous global trends may be spotted before they show up to the north. One promising field of investigation is glaciology. Scholars from the United States, Switzerland, and France are pursuing seven separate but related projects that reflect their concern for the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet—a concern they believe the world at large should share.?
The Transantarctic Mountain, some of them more than 14,000 feet high, divide the continent into two very different regions. The part of the continent to the “east” of the mountains is a high plateau covered by an ice sheet nearly two miles thick. “West” of the mountain, the half of the continent south of the Americas is also covered by an ice sheet, but there the ice rests on rock that is mostly well below sea level. If the West Antarctic Ice Sheet disappeared, the western part of the continent would be reduced to a sparse cluster of island.?
While ice and snow are obviously central to many environmental experiments, others focus on the mysterious“dry valley”of Antarctica, valleys that contain little ice or snow even in the depths of winter. Slashed through the mountains of southern Victoria land, these valleys once held enormous glaciers that descend 9,000 feet from the polar plateau to the Ross Sea.Now the glaciers are gone, perhaps a casualty of the global warming trend during the 10,000 years since the ice age. Even the snow that falls in the dry valleys is blasted out by vicious winds that roar down from the polar plateau to the sea. Left bare are spectacular gorges, rippled fields of sand dunes, clusters of boulders(大圓石)sculptured into fantastic shapes by 100?mile?an?hour winds, and an aura of extraterrestrial desolation.?
Despite the unearthly aspect of the dry valleys, some scientists believe that they may carry a message of hope for the verdant(草木繁茂的)parts of the earth. Some scientists believe that in some cases the dry valleys may soak up pollutants
faster than pollutants enter them.?
21.Antarctica is scientifically important in that ____.?
A) it is a space station?
B) it is an ideal place for the investigation of glaciology?
C) there is the mysterious dry valley?
D) it can help people detect global environmental changes?
22.The reason for the disappearance of glaciers in the dry valley is ____.?
A) that they’ve desended to the Ross sea?
B) that they’ve been blasted out by vicious winds?
C) the global warming trend ever since the ice age?
D) that they’ve been changed into gorges,sand dunes and boulders?
23.When the author calls Antarctica “distant?early?warning sensor”, he
actually means that ____.?
A) such equipment has been set up for scientific purpose?
B) the research groups there are like such kind of sensors?
C) potential global changes can be seen on Antarctica first?
D) Antarctica is remote from other parts of the earth?
24.Which of the following statements is true according to the article??
A) There is a cluster of island west of the Transantartic Mountain.?
B) Scientific research on Antarctica only centers on the ice and snow there.?
C) Dry valleys may be a place to dispose of our pollutants.?
D) All the countries on earth should be concerned about the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.?
25.The word “spotted”(2nd paragraph)can best be replaced by____.?
B) noticed ?
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.?
The Carnegie Foundation report says that many colleges have tried to be “all things to all people”. In doing so, they have increasingly catered to a narrow?minded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision among their students.
The current crisis, it contends, does not derive from a legitimate desire to put learning to productive ends. The problem is that in too many academic fields,
the work has no context; skills, rather than being means, have become ends.Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to a d
egree. In short, driven by careerism, “the nation’s colleges and universit
ies are more successful in providing credentials(文憑)than in providing a quality education for their students.” The report concludes that the special challenge confronting the undergraduate college is one of shaping an “integrated core” of common learning. Such a core would introduce students “to essential knowledge, to connections across the disciplines, and in the end, to application of knowledge to life beyond the campus.”?
Although the key to a good college is a high?quality faculty, the Carnegie study found that most colleges do very little to encourage good teaching. In fact, they do much to undermine it. As one professor observed:“Teaching is important, we are told, and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.” Not surprisingly, over the last twenty years colleges and universities have failed to graduate half of their four?year degree candidates. Faculty members who dedicate themselves to teaching soon discover that they will not be granted tenure
(終身任期), promotion, or substantial salary increases. Yet 70 percent of all faculty say their interests lie more in teaching than in research. Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pressure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or colleagues in the content of the publications.”?
26.When a college tries to be “all things to all people”(lines 2, Para. Ⅰ), it aims to ____.?
A) satisfy the needs of all kinds of students simultaneously?
B) focus on training students in various skills?
C) encourage all sorts of people to attend college?
D) make learning serve academic rather than productive ends?
27.The word “core”(lines 15, 1st paragraph) might mean____.?
A) aim ?
28.One of the reasons for the current crisis in American colleges and universities is that ____.?
A) a narrow vocationalism has come to dominate many colleges?
B) students don’t have enough freedom in choosing what they want to learn?
C) skills are being taught as a means to an end?
D) students are not interested in learning?
29.American colleges and universities failed to graduate half of their four
?year degree candidates because ____.?
A) most of them lack high?quality faculites?
B) students are becoming more and more lazy?
C) there are not enough incentives for students to study hard?
D) they attach greater importance to research and publication than to teaching?
30.It can be inferred from the passage that high?quality college education
calls for ____.?
A) high?quality faculties?
B) a commitment to students and effective teaching?
C) the cultivation of students’ interest in learning?
D) dedication to research in frontier areas of knowledge?
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.?
The U.S. birthrate began to decline in the middle 1950’s, resulting in a smaller
college?age population starting in the middle 1970’s.S4 Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously, driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their large automobiles used a lot of gasoline. At the same time, foreign car manufacturers had beg
un to produce small fuel?efficient cars in large quantities for the export market. Suddenly, the large, gas?guzzling American cars were no longer attractive to American buyers, who began buying foreign cars by the thousands. The American automobile industry went into a recession. Thousands of automotive workers were laid off, as were thousands of people in industries indirectly connected with the auto?industry. People who are laid off tend to keep what money they have for necessities, like food and housing. They do not have the extra money needed to send their children to college. Their children cannot pay their own college costs, because during a recession they cannot find jobs. High unemployment means that more state funds must be used for social service—unemployment benefits and to aid dependent children, for example—than during more prosperous times. It also means, that the states have fewer funds than usual, because people are paying fewer taxes. Institutions of higher education depend on two major sources of income to keep them functioning: tuition from students and funds from the states. At the present time, there are fewer students than in the past and fewer state funds available for higher education. The colleges and universities are in trouble.?
31.What is the main idea of this passage??
A) The rising of oil price drove up the price of everything.?
B) There were many reasons why higher education was in trouble in the 1970’s.
C) Birthrate began to decline in the USA in 1950’s.?
D) High unemployment caused a lot of social problems.?
32.The phrase “laid off” can best be replaced by which of the following?
A) Poor .?
B) Got rid of.?
C) Removed. ?
33.American cars were not popular in their domestic markets because they were____.
D) not attractive?
34.The colleges and universities were in trouble because of the following reasons except that ____.?
A) they couldn’t get enough income to keep them running?
B) young people couldn’t afford the tuition fees?
C) keeping them running at the same level would cost much more?
D) social services need more state funds because of the recession?
35.All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ____.?
A) young people couldn’t afford their own tuition in the 1970’s?
B) it’s difficult for graduates from colleges to find a job in the 1970’s?
C) fewer parents could afford to send their children to college because of
the recession in 1970’s?
D) Birthrate dropped in the 1970’s because of the recession?
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.?
Within fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes for the recycling of waste. The word rubbish could lose its meaning because everything that goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.
The latest project is to take a city of around half a million inhabitants and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find
out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling
waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal
such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well.?
Another new project is being set up to discover the best ways of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: first, it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a
powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that
grounders and rollers break up everything that can be broken. Finally the rubbish will pass under magnets, which will remove the bits of iron and steel; the rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage.?
The first full?scale giant recycling plants are, perhaps, fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some
big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.?
36.The main purpose of the passage is ____.?
A) to show us a future way of recycling wastes?
B) to tell the importance of recycling wastes?
C) to warn people the danger of some wastes?
D) to introduce a new recycling plant?
37.How many stages are there in the recycling process??
38.What is the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants??
A) To deal with wastes in a better way.?
B) It’s a good way to gain profits.?
C) It’s more economical than to dump wastes in some distant places.?
D) Energy can be got at a lower price.?
39.The first full—scale huge recycling plants ____.?
A) have been in existence for 15 years?
B) takes 15 years to build?
C) can’t be built until 15 years later?
D) will remain functioning for 15 years?
40.Which of the following statements is true??
A) The word “rubbish” will soon disappear from dictionaries.?
B) Dangerous wastes can be recycled into nothing but energy.?
C) To recycle paper and rubber will still be impossible even with the new recycling methods.?
D) Big cities will soon have their own recycling plants.??
Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.?
41.You ____ her in office last Friday; She’s been out of town for two weeks.?
A) needn’t have seen ?
B) might have seen?
C) must have seen?
D) can’t have seen?
42.This candidate has far more chances of winning the election than ____ recommended by the organizer.?
B) the one ?
43.____ difficult it is to surmount the obstacles, we’re bound to achieve
44.Many a time ____ not to play with fire but he turns a deaf ear to the
A) the child being told?
B) the child has been told?
C) has been told the child?
D) has the child been told?
45.He ____ writing the paper now. He hadn’t written a single word when I
left him ten minutes ago.?
A) shouldn’t be?
B) can’t have finished?
C) can’t be?
D) mustn’t have finished?
46.Isn’t it lovely to think that I ____ myself on the sunny beach tomorrow at this time.?
A) will enjoy?
B) am enjoying?
C) will be enjoying?
D) shall enjoy?
47.Don’t you know it’s the first time he ____ this kind of meeting??
C) has attended?
D) is attending?
48.If you ____ my advice, you ____ your failure now. You ____ your victory.?
A) took ... wouldn’t cry over ... would celebrate?
B) had taken ... wouldn’t have cried over ... would have celebrated?
C) had taken ... aren’t crying over ... are celebrating?
D) had taken ... wouldn’t be crying over ... would be celebrating?
49.I would rather ____ out to look for a job instead of moping around here everyday.
A) to go B) going?
C) went D) go?
50.—I must have eaten something wrong. I feel like ____.?
—I told you not to eat at a restaurant. You’d better ____ at home.?
A) to throw up ... to eat?
B) throwing up ... eating?
C) to throw up ... eat?
D) throwing up ... eat?
51.He always dreams of ____ a chance for him to bring into full play his
A) there being B) there to be?
C) there is D) being?
52.You should keep an eye ____ the slightest changes in the patient while
the doctor is away.?
A) for B) on?
C) to D) about?
53.____ is still a controversial issue.?
A) If he is the right person for the job?
B) That he is the right person for the job?
C) Whether he is the right person for the job?
D) He is the right person for the job?
54.He has won the first place, ____ is clear from the expressions on his
A) that B) as?
C) what D) when?
55.His response was ____ that he didn’t say yes and he didn’t say no.?
A) so B) what?
C) what D) such?
56.It’s time for us to ____ the traditional Chinese architecture.?
A) preserve B) reserve?
C) conserve D) deserve?
57.I’m afraid taking a part?time job might ____ my time for study.?
A) cut off B) cut into?
C) cut down D) cut away?
58.The innocent young man was ____ of robbing the bank.?
A) sentenced B) charged?
C) accused D) punished?
59.People should behave ____ on such a solemn occasion.?
A) respectedly B) respectfully?
C) respectingly D) respectively?
60.After second thought, she ____ a better solution.?
A) came up with B) added up to?
C) put up with D) made up for?
61.I didn’t ____ to tell him the truth. He forced me into doing that.?
A) expect B) suppose?
C) hope D) mean?
62.If this kind of animal becomes ____, our future generation won’t even
have a chance to see it.?
A) little B) scarce?
C) rare D) short?
63.Little kids are OK most of the time. But sometimes can become a real ____.?
A) difficulty B) nuisance?
C) worry D) anxiety?
64.Early settlers in this land found great difficulty in ____ to the harsh living conditions.?
A) adopting B) fitting?
C) settling D) adapting?
65.Cultural exchanges between the two countries help to ____ understanding and friendship between the two peoples.?
A) increase B) raise?
C) promote D) quicken?
66.His downfall is ____ to other factors than this.?
A) contributable B) attributable?
C) deducible D) responsible?
67.I think you should go to see a doctor, who may ____ to you proper medicine so that you can recover faster.?
A) prescribe B) subscribe?
C) submit D) prohibit?
68.It pains us to see that our environment is ____.?
69.The age of the students in this class ____ from eighteen to twenty.?
A) changes B) alters?
C) ranges D) limits?
70.After finishing the paper, he ____ himself to have a good rest.?
A) extended B) stretched?
C) spread D) reached??
Translation (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part, there are four passages, each consisting of one or two sentences for you to translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the Reading Passages you have just read.You should refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.?
S1.(Para. 1, Passage 1)?
Remote from major sources of pollution and the complex geological and ecological
systems that prevail elsewhere, Antarctica makes possible scientific measurements that are often sharper and easier to interpret than those made in other parts
of the world.?
S2.(Para. 1, Passage 2)?
Students are offered a variety of options and allowed to pick their way to degree.?
S3.(Para. 2, Passage 2)?
Additionally, a frequent complaint among young scholars is that “There is pres
sure to publish, although there is virtually no interest among administrators or
colleagues in the content of the publications.”?
S4.(Para. 1, Passage 3)?
Something else happened in the 1970’s: the price of oil increased tremendously,
driving up the price of almost everything and making Americans aware that their
large automobiles used a lot of gasoline.?
S5.(Para. 1, Passage 4)?
Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else.????
Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should College Students Take Part?time Jobs? You should write in at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.?
1. M: I’d like to speak to Mr. Jones, please.?
W: Sorry, sir. But Mr. Jones isn’t hear any more. Mr. Williams is in charge
Q: What can we infer from the conversation??
2. M: Wow, there’s a great deal of work for us to do.?
W: Oh, it isn’t so bad as it looks. After all, the greater part of it has already been done.?
Q: What does the woman say about the work??
3. W: Can’t you knock on the door before you enter my office next time?
?M: Sorry, Mme. It’s just that I’m in such a hurry.?
Q: How did the woman feel when she was speaking to the man??
4. W: Jane told me she would fly to Paris sometime this week.?
M: Well, I saw her a minute ago at the supermarket.?
Q: What can we conclude from the conversation??
5. W: Bob thinks you shouldn’t use your good knife to fix that.?
M: Tell him it’s not his knife.?
Q: What does the man imply??
6. M: How long will the party last? I’ve got a meeting to attend at 4 pm.?
W: You’ll be all right. The host will have an appointment at 3 pm.?
Q: What do we learn about the man??
7. M: Why do you look so worried? Only one has finished ahead of you.?
W: I’ve promised my Mom that I’d be the first.?
Q: Why is the woman worried??
8. W: My friend talked to me on the phone for two hours last night!?
M: Is it toll free??
Q: What does the man imply??
9. W: Yes, we do have that color. But unfortunately we don’t have the medium size now.?
M: In that case, I’ll have to take the blue one.?
Q: Where does the conversation take place??
10.W: Why do you look so depressed??
M: Professor Smith said I might have to change another topic for my thesis.?
W: I told you that topic was too risky.?
Q: What did the woman do??
There Yale University professors agreed in a panel disussion tonight that the automobile was what one of them called“Public Health Enemy No. 1 in This Country”.Besides polluting the air and congesting the cities,automobiles could cause heart disease “because we don’t walk anywhere any more,”said Dr. H. P. Richard Weinerman, professor of medicine and public health. Dr. Weinerman’s sharp indictment of the automobile came in a discussion of human environment on Yale Reports, a radio program broadcast by Station WTIC in Hartford, Connecticut. The program opened a three?part series on “Staying Alive”.“For the first time in human history, the problem of man’s survival has to do with his control of man?made hazards,” Dr. Weinerman said.“Before this, the problem had been the control of natural hazards.”?
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.?
11.What is the main idea of the passage??
12.Why could automobiles cause heart disease??
13.For the 1st time,what does the problem of man’s survival have to do with??
A small dog brought disaster to a small English town last week. It was trying to
cross a busy street but was too frightened to leave the strip in the middle of
A truck drive parked his truck on the side of the road and got out to help it. While he was going to get the dog, his truck rolled down the street. It smashed into four parked cars, crashed through a fence, rolled down a bank and smashed into a row of houses. Only the driver was hurt. The dog bit him on the hand while he was carrying it.?
Here is another story about dogs. A nine?year?old child who nearly drowned while she was swimming in a home swimming pool, was saved by the family dog on Saturday. The child was alone in the large pool at the time.?
The family of the dog said it would receive an extra large bone as a reward.?
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.?
14.What happened to the dog that brought disaster to the town??
15.Who was hurt in the disaster??
16.Where did the second story about dog take place??
17.What would be the reward given to the dog in the second story??
If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season. You
are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of year.
A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington, concluded from other men’s work and his
own among people in different climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.?
He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than is
summer heat. This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in summer than they are during the rest of the year. It does mean, however, that the mental
abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in summer.?
Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking. One reason may be
that in the spring man’s mental abilities are affected by the same factors that
bring about great changes in all nature.?
Fall is the next?best season, then winter. As for summer, it seems to be a good
time to take a long vacation from thinking.?
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.?
18.What is the passage mainly about??
19.What is the best season for thinking??
20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage??
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension?
還不是那么糟糕，畢竟，工作的大部分已經做完了。句子“…the greater part of it has
already been done.”給了我們明確信息，把被動變為主動，意思即為“they’ve finished more than half of it.”故選項D正確。?
士的婉轉建議中“can’t you knock on the door…?”可推論出她有些生氣。所以選B是正確的。?
做修理那種事情。但男士說：告訴他這不是他的小刀。從男士的說話中，我們可以推斷出男士認為Bob應該管他自己的事，言外之意為Bob是多管閑事。選項中詞組“mind one’s business”是“管閑事”之意。?
中號的。男士則說：既然這樣，我就買藍色的。從此對話中的一些詞語“color, size, take the blue one”,可以推知對話發生在百貨商店里，是營業員與顧客間的對話。?
was what one of them called “Public Health Enemy No.1 in This Country”點明了文
【詳細解答】從文章中的第二句話，“…because we don't walk anywher
e any more，…”可知以車代步容易引發疾病，影響人的身體健康。?
【詳細解答】只要聽到此句，“For the 1st time in human history, the problem of man's survival has to do with his control of man-made hazards.”就知道人類是第一次處理人造公害的控制問題。?
【詳細解答】從文章的第二句話，“…but was too frightened to leave
the strip in the middle of the street.”可知，狗因太害怕而在路中央不敢移動。因
【詳細解答】從文章中此句話“Only the driver was hurt,”可知是卡車
【詳細解答】從文章中此句“…while she was swimming in a home swimming pool, was saved…”，可知故事發生在家庭游泳池。?
【詳細解答】從文章中最后一句“…said it would receive an extra large bone as a reward.”可知這條狗所得的獎勵是主人要額外地給它一大塊骨頭。
【詳細解答】文章中的第一句就點明了主題，“…your intelligence varies from season to season.”可知答案B正確。?
【詳細解答】從文章中此句“Spring appears to be the best period of
the year for thinking.”可知答案D正確。?
【詳細解答】從文章中此句“This does not mean that all people are
less intelligent in summer….”可知選項A不對。文章中明確提及“summer heat”對人
的智力發揮有影響，故選項B也不對。選項C沒有提及。而從此句“A noted scientist concluded…that climate and temperature have a definite effect on mental ability.”
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension?
【詳細解答】見文章中第一句“…—a unique observation post for detecting important changes in the world’s environment”。從此句可知南極洲是唯一一個觀測全球環境發生重大變化的一個點。因而選項D是正確的。?
【詳細解答】從文章中第四段中，我們可以找到這樣一句“Now the glaciers are gone, perhaps a casualty of the global warming trend during the 10,000 years since the ice age.”可知選項C正確。?
【詳細解答】從文章中第二段第一句“…see Antarctica as a distant-early-warning censor, where potentially dangerous global trends may be spotted before they show up to the north.”，我們知道在南極洲可以觀測到一些潛在的全球危險趨勢。此意正好與選項C的意思吻合，故選項C正確。?
【詳細解答】從第三段最后一句“…the western part of the continent would be reduced to a sparse cluster of island.”可知此句為條件句，用的是虛擬語氣，因而選項A中的事實句不正確。從第四段第一句中，可知，冰川和神秘“干谷”都是實驗的重心，故排除B選項。根據文章最后一句，可以排除C。從第二段最后一句知選項D正確。?
【詳細解答】選項A) pace 放置，安置；B) notice 注意到；C) fix修理，安裝，使固定；D) judge 判斷，判決，根據上下文以及句意，選項B符合題意。
，技能成為了教育的最終目的。從此句“…skills, rather than being means, have become ends.”可知選項B符合題意。?
【詳細解答】從文章中第二句“…，they have increasingly catered to
a narrow-minded careerism while failing to cultivate a global vision…”，可知
【詳細解答】從最后一段中此句“Teaching is important, we are told,
and yet faculty know that research and publication matter most.”可知，雖然被告
【詳細解答】從文章中此句“…the large, gas?guzzling American cars were no longer attractive to American buyers,…”可知美國汽車又大，又耗油，對美國消費者已沒有吸引力了。文章中還說，外國汽車生產商們開始大規模生產一些省燃料的小型汽車用于出口，美國人開始批量購買外國汽車。所有這些，都可推出B正確。?
【詳細解答】從第三段，我們可以找到一些連接詞“First,…; then…; after that….Finally…”.由此可知共四步。故選項B正確。?
【詳細解答】從文章中最后一句“…,with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long.”可知，主要原因是運送垃圾的交通費用不斷不漲。因而C項：比到遠處倒拉圾要省錢一些，或節約一些，故正確。?
【詳細解答】從文章最后一段第一句，“The first full?scale giant recyling plants are, perhaps, fiften years away.”可知要建立大規模的廠還有十五年的路要走。此句中“fifteen years away”的理解很關鍵。選項C中not…until，“直到…才”意為“十五年后，才能建立”與原意相符。?
【詳細解答】選項A與原文第一段此句“The word rubbish could lose its meaning…”(單詞rubbish 會失去原來的本義…)不符，故不對；B項與原文第一段中“Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes could provide energy if nothing else.”(那些最危險，最讓人討厭的垃圾，即使不能提供別的，也能提供能源。)不符，故不對。
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure?
【詳細解答】選項A中needn’t have done 表示“本不必做…”；選項B中
might have done表示“可能做…”，選項C中must have done 表示“必定做過…”，選項D中can’t have done 表示“不可能做…”。選項D合乎句意。?
“那一位，那一個”，特指某一個人；C) whom 關系代詞，引導定語從句，通常在句中作賓
語成分；D) one “一個，人們”作代詞時，類指“人們”。據題意B正確。?
【詳細解答】A) as 引導讓步狀語從句時，將從句的補語或狀語置于句首
，如“Difficult as it is to…”，B) how “多么地”，引導感嘆句；C) so表示“因此
，因而”；D) however “無論如何，不管怎樣”，根據句意，D正確。?
前面應是一個分句，選項A可排除。狀語“many a time”放在句首，句子要倒裝。選項D是正確的。?
【詳細解答】A) shouldn’t do “不應該做…”；B) can’t have done “
不可能做…”；C) can’t do “不會做，不能做…”；D) mustn’t have done 結構不常用。選項B合乎題意。?
于其不帶情態色彩，在某些場合便能表示婉轉口氣。從而現代英語用will+be?ing 表禮貌的詢問、請求等。?eg.? ①When will you be visiting us again? ②When will you visit us again?句①不帶請求意愿色彩，口氣較隨使，婉轉；②則有需求對方表態之意，口氣不夠婉轉。?
【詳細解答】在“It’s the 1st time that…”結構中，that——分句中的
【詳細解答】feel like 表示“想要”，后接名詞或動名詞；had better
【詳細解答】dream of “夢到，夢想”，后面接名詞或動名詞；選項A)th
ere being 是“there be”的動名詞形式，因而A正確。?
【詳細解答】keep on eye on sb./sth. 固定用法，“留心看著，注意”。?
【詳細解答】A) if引導條件狀語從句，不合題意；B) that引導名詞從句
的“controversial”相矛盾；C) whether 引導名詞從句，“是否”，合乎題意；D) 是B句
【詳細解答】此句是定語從句，關系代詞代的是前面整個句子，即“He has won the 1st place.”四個選項中C、D都不是關系代詞，選項A雖是關系代詞，但不引導非
結構，這時such 是代詞，一般用于主系表結構中。例如：His diligence was such that he made great progress.?
【詳細解答】A) preserve “保護，維護；保存，保藏”；強調防御破壞
等；C) conserve “保養，保藏，保存”，強調“節約使用，珍惜”；D) deserve “值得
【詳細解答】cut off 切斷，隔絕；切掉，剪下；cut into 侵犯，打斷；
cut down 砍倒，刪節；cut away 切掉，砍掉；根據句義，選項B正確。?
【詳細解答】A) sentence 宣判，判決，常用短語“be sentenced to…”
“被判處…”；B) charge 控告，指控，短語be charged with…“指控為…”；C)accuse
指揮，指責，短語accuse sb. of…“指控某人某罪”；D)punish 懲罰，只有選項C與介詞of連用，表示指控。?
表示“恭敬地，尊敬地”；respectingly 可能來源于“respecting”，不常用；respectively 各自地，分別地。選項B合乎句意。?
【詳細解答】come up with 提出，提供；put up with 容忍，忍受(討厭
的人或物)；add up to 合計達；made up for 補償，彌補。選項A合乎句意。?
【詳細解答】A) expect 期望，期盼；B) suppose 想象，設想；C) hope
希望；D) mean 意欲，打算；根據句義，選項D正確。?
【詳細解答】A) little 少，不多的，與much相對，傾向于否定；B) scar
ce “稀有的，稀少的”；常指物質的缺少，含有從前多，現在變為稀少之義；C) rare “
稀少的，罕有的”指不常見、稀有難得的東西，常含有珍貴的意味；D) short 短缺，不足
【詳細解答】A) difficulty 困境，困難；B) nuisance 討厭的(事、物、
人…)；C) worry 擔憂，煩惱;D)anxiety 焦慮，擔心。根據句義，選項B正確。?
【詳細解答】adopt “采用，采取”，及物動詞；fit (使)適合，(使)適
應，作及物動詞用時，后跟名詞；settle 安家，安居，不及物動詞；adapt 常與“to”連
【詳細解答】A) increase 增加，增長；增殖；B) raise 提升，提拔，
提高；C) promote 促進；發揚，引起，通常promote growth (prosperity, understanding
) 促進生長(繁榮、諒解)；D)quicken 加快；刺激。根據句義，選項C正確。?
【詳細解答】A) contributable 值得奉獻的；B) attributable 可歸屬的
，常有be～to 可歸因于…；C) deducible 可推斷的；D) responsible 負責任的，常有be～for sth. 對…負責任。根據句義，選項B正確。?
【詳細解答】A) prescribe 開處方，開藥方；B) subscribe 簽署；訂閱 ；subscribe to an opinion 同意某一意見；C) submit 使服從，使受到，呈送，提交；subject to…甘受，屈服；D) prohibit 禁止 prohibit sb. from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事，根據句義，選項A正確。?
【詳細解答】A) degenerate 墮落，蛻化，退化(into); B) deteriorate
惡化；變質；C) decline 衰退，衰落；下降；D) depress 使蕭條，使沮喪。根據句子，選
【詳細解答】A) change (發生)變化，改變；B) alter 變樣，改變；C)range (在一定范圍內)變動，變化，常有range from…to…；D) limit 限制，限定，根據句子，選項C正確。?
Part Ⅳ Translation?
“Antarctica makes possible scientific measure ments”。前面的“Remote from…”是
補充說明“Antarctica”的，可以直接順譯為“遠離…”，其后面的“that are…the worl
ts are offered…and allowed…”“被給予…，被允許…”；譯為主動句“學生們有……，學生們可以……”。?
【翻譯要點】此句中的句子主干是“a complaint is that…”。在翻譯時
，主句順序不變，可譯為“抱怨是…”，英語里的“among young scholars”,按照漢語習
of oil increased…，”其后的“driving up…and making Americans aware that…”，
【翻譯要點】此句翻譯的難點在于理解從句“if nothing else”的意思。
nothing else 是“沒有其它的，沒有別的”意思，根據上下文，可譯為“不能提供別的”
Part Ⅴ Writing?
Should College Students Take Part?time Jobs??
Nowadays, many college students are taking part?time jobs in their spare time.
On this phenomenon, different people have different views.?
Opponents, especially parents of those students, think that the major task for college students is to study. Taking part?time jobs will cut into their time for
study. Book knowledge is the most important. The so?called social experience can be acquired after they graduate and enter society.?
Supporters see many advantages in college students taking part?time jobs. Firstly, it provides the students a chance to realize that money is always earned in a hard way so that they’ll learn to be economical. Secondly, from a practical point of view, students can earn some money to relieve the financial burden on their parents. Thirdly, part?time jobs may lead the students out of the ivory tower to see the real world.?
Although opinions vary as to whether students should take part?time jobs or not, it is up to the students themselves to make the decision after sizing up their
own special case. If they can handle their study very well, taking a part?time
job might be fun.?